Wiskunde (Mathematics)

The language of science

Bachelor Wiskunde in Amsterdam

Wiskunde (Mathematics) studeren aan de VU Amsterdam betekent: een uitdagende, internationale (Engelstalige) opleiding voor studenten die houden van logisch nadenken en niet bang zijn voor abstractie en complexe berekeningen. Wiskunde is overal. Kies voor zuivere wiskunde of toegepaste wiskunde en word een echte allrounder met volop kansen op de arbeidsmarkt.

Bij Wiskunde aan de VU krijg je veel persoonlijke aandacht en feedback, van docenten die ook toponderzoekers zijn in hun vakgebied. Ook kun je een semester in het buitenland studeren. Onze afgestudeerden zijn zeer gewild in het bedrijfsleven, onderzoek, onderwijs of consultancy. Bovendien ben je met dit bachelorsdiploma op zak welkom bij een breed scala aan masteropleidingen.

Zuivere of toegepaste wiskunde

In het eerste jaar van de studie leg je een stevige wiskundige basis. Daarna kies je voor de major zuivere wiskunde of de major toegepaste wiskunde. Binnen deze majors heb je veel keuzevrijheid, en specialiseer je je in de richting van Algebra, Meetkunde, Analyse, Dynamische systemen, Kansrekening, Statistiek, Educatie, Biomedische wiskunde, Theoretische informatica, Econometrie of Data science.

Kom naar de Open Dag

Wil je meer weten over de bacheloropleiding Wiskunde (Mathematics)? De eerstvolgende Bachelordag is op zaterdag 2 november 2019.

Kom Proefstuderen

Ben je goed in wiskunde en niet bang voor formules? Ga je graag tot de bodem van dingen? Dan ontmoeten we je graag tijdens een dagje proefstuderen op onze VU-campus op de Zuidas.

Admission criteria and application procedure for international students can be found here. 

Dutch pre-university (VWO) diploma
You can study Mathematics at VU Amsterdam with the following VWO profiles:

  • Nature and Health, supplemented with Mathematics B
  • Nature and Technology
  • Economics and Society, supplemented with Mathematics B
  • Culture and Society, supplemented with Mathematics B

HBO propaedeutic year 
You will be eligible for admission to this bachelor programme if you obtain additional modular certificates at 6 VWO level in the following subjects: Mathematic B* and English

HBO completed programme
You will be eligible for admission to this bachelor programme if you obtain additional modular certificates at 6 VWO level in the following subjects: Mathematic B* and English

* Does not apply to the hbo study programme Toegepaste Wiskunde/Mathematical Engineering.

Aged 21 or over?       
Dutch applicants who do not meet any of the above educational requirements and who are aged 21 or over, may be admitted by way of colloquium doctum. This requires obtaining the following modular certificates on 6 VWO level:

  • English
  • Mathematics B

Meeting prerequisites?
You can obtain your certificates from various institutions.

Yes, up for it?
Great! Apply today

As a prospective Mathematics student at VU Amsterdam you will take part in the VU Matching programme. VU Matching is part of the application procedure for all bachelor degree programmes. It consists of two parts: first you fill out a digital questionnaire on VUnet and second you participate in the matching activity of the programme. The matching activity aims to give you a realistic idea of the content of the study, so that you can determine if it matches your expectations and whether you have chosen the right programme.

Dutch Nationals are expected to participate in the matching activity on campus on Tuesday June 4, 2019. Please consider this when planning your holiday(job).

International students are expected to participate in a digital matching activity once they are conditionally admitted. 

Keep an eye on your inbox: the email invites are sent to the email address you provided when you registered. Invitations and reminders are sent regularly between mid April and early June.

Note: Participation in the matching activity is mandatory for all Mathematics students

For general information about matching check out the website VU Matching [Dutch] or VU Matching [English]. If you have questions about the matching activity, please contact the matching coordinator of the Faculty of Science: matching.beta@vu.nl.

Joblessness is rare among mathematicians: they find jobs in technology companies, banks, ministries, hospitals, consultancy, IT, scientific research and education. Your knowledge of fundamental and applied mathematics as a VU mathematician will suit you for a range of jobs, and most companies and institutions are highly interested in the general analytical and problem-solving skills you will develop. As a consequence, mathematicians end up in an enormous diversity of jobs.

Your VU Bachelor’s degree certificate qualifies you straightaway for the VU Master’s programmes in Mathematics and Stochastic and Financial Mathematics. Depending on the chosen tracks and courses, there are various other Master’s programmes you can enroll in, including Business Analytics, Econometrics and Operations research, and Bioinformatics and Systems Biology.

It is possible to study mathematics as a part-time student. The content of the part-time programme is equal to that of the full time programme: you follow courses together with full-time students, but you take fewer courses each year. Your programme is therefore stretched out over a longer period. It does not involve evening classes or classes on fixed days. With an average workload of 50% (20 hours per week), the programme will take six years, while every now and then a full-time project will be conducted.

Together with the study advisor, you will agree on a concrete study path with regard to the order in which the courses are best taken, taking into account your prior knowledge and availability. We advise coming to the VU several days per week and making your availability as flexible as possible due to changing timetables.

Tisiana Henricus

Tisiana Henricus

"Mathematics is a real challenge – you have to be up for that. The lecturers are very interactive. What I like about VU is that all the programmes are located on the same campus, making it very easy to take subsidiary courses. There are also lots of international students, which creates a very diverse and fun atmosphere."


Britt van Leeuwen

"The Mathematics programme is a great challenge. I'm still not sure what I want to do with my Mathematics degree in the future, although an assistant professorship or a career as a researcher would be nice."


David Koetsier

"I took the three-year Bachelor's programme in Mathematics at VU Amsterdam and now I'm taking the Master's degree in Mathematics here as well. Specifically, I'm taking the Algebra and Geometry track, which focuses on pure mathematics. It's often difficult to visualise exactly what you are doing. The exercise problems are often more like puzzles than straightforward calculations – these are my favourite types of assignments."

Harold Nieuwboer

Harold Nieuwboer
"I'm an alumnus of the Bachelor in Mathematics at VU Amsterdam, and went on to do my masters degree at the University of Cambridge in the UK. This undergraduate programme definitely provided a great introduction to the subject and serves as a good foundation for further mathematical development. I am currently primarily interested in geometry, and particularly in symplectic geometry."


Judith Schermer

"The atmosphere within the Mathematics programme is very informal. The lecturers are very approachable, and you can visit them in their offices at any time if you have questions. I like applying mathematics in practice, which is why I took a number of courses in Econometrics and Computer Science. I like how easy it is to take courses within different faculties, and my knowledge of maths is very useful for these courses. Next year, I plan to take a Master's programme in Applied Mathematics, Business Analytics or Econometrics."


Nikolai Zaki

"My time in the Mathematics programme is extremely useful for my Physics programme, as well as for arousing my interest in science in general. By learning the underlying theories of calculus, dynamical systems and statistics, I laid the foundations for a huge number of disciplines. During my Master's programme, I want to combine mathematics with neuroscience."

VU Wiskunde alumnus Rick Boere

Rick Boere
‘Doing doctoral research is like studying’

You currently work as a doctoral researcher at Eindhoven University of Technology. How did you end up there?
‘Before graduating and doing my Master’s thesis, I did a ten-month work placement at TNO. After that it was time to take a break. I decided to take it easy for a few months to figure out what I wanted to do. In January I ended up at Eindhoven University of Technology and also moved to Eindhoven. It takes time to get used to a new city. Fortunately, I have a nice house for myself: in Amsterdam I had no fewer than twenty housemates.’

What is your research about?
‘Briefly put, it’s about how to optimise traffic flows using stochastic models. A stochastic model is a process in which a phenomenon takes place in time or space with stochastic variables as outcomes, i.e., random quantities.’

What did you have to get used to after graduating?
‘At the end of the day, doctoral research is not unlike studying. For instance, I still take courses, I’m always learning new things and even the environment (a University!) is still the same. So for me, it wasn’t that big of a transition. It must be a different story if you take up a mega commercial company job.’

Why did you choose to study Mathematics at VU Amsterdam?
‘After secondary school I actually wanted to be an air traffic controller, but I was too young to enter into the selection process. So I decided to study maths because I was good at it and I always found it an interesting subject at school.’

What do you learn in practice that you do not learn from lectures?
‘I’m lucky to have a nice supervisor who helps me decide on the course of my doctoral research. Thanks to this, I haven’t really got stuck yet. I can imagine that without such supervision it would be hard to plot the course of your research.’

How is your math degree useful to you in practice?
‘Above all the Mathematics programme teaches you to think logically, to have a certain way of thinking. This enables you to apply new theories easily in your work and to solve problems quickly. It’s really not the case that I can now rattle off certain formulas. But in my doctoral research I do still benefit a lot from my specific mathematical knowledge.’

What do you want to do after obtaining your PhD?
‘I do think I’ll want to make the switch from the academic setting to the commercial one. I sometimes miss working on really practical issues, even though the research I’m doing is quite practical and non-theoretical already. This is because we also work with a consultancy firm which offers advice in the field of traffic flows.’

What was your favourite hangout at VU Amsterdam?
‘The clubhouse of STORM, the study association of Mathematics among other studies. I often spent time there during breaks; it was the spot at university where I really felt at home. The good atmosphere at STORM was also a reason why I moved into a student house.’

Martijn Zaal

Martijn Zaal
‘The high-tech industry is highly knowledge-intensive and research-oriented’

What exactly is the role of a physical model designer at ASML?
‘ASML produces lithography machines for the largest electronics companies in the world. Our customers use these machines to make chips. Stronger and more durable chips require ever more precise machines. As a physical model designer, I’m working every day to improve the software and algorithms. I’m working on the software for YieldStar, a metrology machine. With this machine you can measure what has been created on a “wafer” (a disc on which chips are made) after certain production steps. Algorithms can be thought of as mathematical recipes: they tell you how to use certain “ingredients” to achieve a result. We work on subproblems, pieces of a larger puzzle, in multidisciplinary teams that include physicists and others. My work is highly exploratory and there’s a lot of mathematics and physics to it.’

How did you end up at ASML?
‘After my doctoral research I worked in Bonn as a postdoc. I had a temporary contract and the subjects I was really interested in were not the subjects that would earn you grants. That’s when I reached a tipping point; I wanted to have some hands-on experience again. The high-tech industry is highly knowledge-intensive and research-oriented, so I knew which sector it had to be. ASML has attractive programmes and gives a lot of attention to your personal development, for instance by developing your management expertise.’

What do you like most about your work and what do you like least?
‘Putting the puzzle together, problem-solving, is immensely enjoyable. Working together on one team with people from entirely different disciplines is very instructive. The time-pressure is not so enjoyable. Sometimes it prevents you from achieving the perfect solution, as you don’t want to keep customers waiting for days. I’m a perfectionist and I prefer to keep fiddling until I’m completely satisfied myself.’

You did doctoral research first; why didn’t you start in a company straightaway?
‘The decision wasn’t obvious to me from the start. After graduating I hesitated for a while about starting in a company. The freedom to investigate problems you find interesting is what attracted me to the academic world. I was lucky: after my Master’s research I was immediately offered a doctoral position. So I didn’t take long to decide.’

What are you most proud of in your career?
‘Before I started on my doctoral programme, my supervisor was sceptical about what I wanted to do research on. Apparently, my subject was very out-of-the-box. I was working on a simple mathematical model for the swelling of a cell because of osmosis. The novelty about the research was that I used a so-called “gradient flow” to describe the problem. In the end I managed to prove an important theorem. When I talk about my research, people are still amazed that I managed it, and I’m proud of that.’

Why did you choose to study Mathematics?
‘When I was sixteen I wanted to be a judge. This dream was shattered when I attended a case study during a taster session at the Faculty of Law; I was bored stiff. In secondary school I was good at maths, so I started on the Bachelor’s programmes in Mathematics and Econometrics, and I saw them both through. ’

Is there someone or something at VU Amsterdam you look back on especially fondly?
‘Riekus Kok, now an emeritus professor, has a gift to make difficult course material understandable. On top of that his lectures were fun; this man is an icon. He also encouraged me to continue doing two Bachelor’s programmes and to obtain higher marks.’

What would you say to current or prospective mathematics students?
‘Do something beside your study. It’s great if it’s related to what you are studying, but that’s not essential. Look beyond your specialisation from time to time. I myself taught support classes and contributed to planning software during my student days. Doing extracurricular activities teaches you interdisciplinary skills, gives you a feeling for applied science and will allow you to stand out on the job market.’

What's your question about?Where to get your answers
The content of the programme
Patricia Pannekoek (student ambassador)
Corrie Quant (Study advisor)
Admission and application
Working days from 10.30 till 12.30 h and 14.00 till 17.00 h at 020-5985020.
Information days, taster days
Communication & Marketing dept.
Contact International students
International Office
M: bachelors.fs@vu.nl



Study programme

Check the annual overview

The first year consists of a well-balanced programme that you follow together with all your fellow freshmen Mathematics students. This gives you a firm mathematical basis for the rest of your studies. In year two you decide to continue with a major in either Pure or Applied Mathematics. Various study tracks and numerous optional courses allow you to pursue your personal interests. During your minor in the first half of year three, you focus entirely on your favourite topic. You can also pursue your minor at a foreign university. The programme finishes with a research project in which everything you learnt is combined.

Within the major Pure Mathematics, you can choose between the following tracks:

  • Algebra and Geometry: If you’re into abstract algebraic structures or geometric constructions, this is the right track for you. In this track, you follow courses like Number Theory, Galois Theory, Differential Geometry, and Representation Theory.
  • Analysis and Dynamical Systems: This track evolves around mathematical models for many physical and societal processes. These models are used to predict for example the weather, the outbreak of diseases, and the spread of information over the internet. Courses include Chaotic Dynamical Systems, Partial Differential Equations, and Functional Analysis.
  • Probability and Statistics: in this track you study the fundamentals of probability theory and mathematical statistics. You will learn about powerful statistical methods and surprising probabilistic paradoxes in courses like Statistical Data Analysis, Measure Theory, Markov Chains, and Bayesian Statistics.

Within the major Applied Mathematics, you can choose between the following tracks:

  • Biomedical science: in this track, which is unique in the Netherlands, you learn how to Calculate Life! You follow courses in Mathematics, Biology, and Medicine, and you obtain all the necessary tools for solving quantitative problems in the life sciences.  Examples include the analysis of the human genome, the search for new medicine, and the understanding of the brain. Courses include Biochemistry, Mathematical Biology, Bioinformatics, and Neuroscience.
  • Computer science: This is the right track for you if you want to become an expert mathematical programmer, or theoretical computer scientist. You follow courses like Computer Networks, Data Structures and Algorithms, and Advanced Programming.
  • Econometrics: This track prepares you for quantitative jobs in business, economics, or banking. Mathematicians from this track find jobs as risk analyst, financial analyst, actuary, and even as option trader. Courses in this track include Mathematical Economics, Operations Research, and Financial Mathematics.
  • Data science: Be part of the data revolution and follow courses like Statistical Data Analysis and Machine Learning.

Finally, within both majors, you can choose the track Education, which is taught in Dutch. After completing the Education track, you receive a qualification ("2e graadsbevoegdheid") for teaching in Dutch high schools.

More information on the courses

Samenvatting Wiskunde (Mathematics)




3 jaar (voltijd)

Aanmelden Voor

1 mei


1 september


Deeltijd, Voltijd

Bindend Studie Advies

42 EC


VWO Profiel

NT / NG met Wiskunde B / EM met Wiskunde B / CM met Wiskunde B


Informatica, Wiskunde en Bedrijf

Nikos Galatis



"Within the major Pure Mathematics, you can choose courses from three tracks: Algebra & Geometry, Analysis & Dynamical Systems, and Probability & Statistics. You are therefore free to immerse yourself in the type of maths you enjoy the most. I chose to focus on both Algebra and Analysis, more specifically partial differential equations. The lecturers really know their stuff. It's a privilege to be taught by them."